Read The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works 18 by Sigmund Freud Free Online
Book Title: The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works 18|
The author of the book: Sigmund Freud
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 2.67 MB
Edition: Vintage Classics
Date of issue: September 20th 2001
ISBN 13: 9780099426738
Read full description of the books:How ideas get filtered through public consciousness will never cease to amaze me. Freud's Beyond the Pleasure Principle serves as a great example of how this can work. Freud writes a book that works at revising, if not completely correcting, the theoretical aspects of his psychology, specifically related to the relationships between ego, instinct, pleasure, life, and death. I might even call it slightly hesitant in its claims, and I don't see anywhere in it that Freud takes an authoritative stance on these topics. It is meant to be, like much good science, the groundwork for future study.
The common cultural understanding, though, for people who haven't read Freud, is that this is the book that argues for the death drive. The belief is always about the death drive, notably singular, and how this counteracts the pleasure principle. And yet, this is not what we find in Freud's actual text. He does, in fact, introduce the idea of death instincts, certain tendencies toward a natural, organic death, that orient us with a certain...biological teleology. But these arguments are far from definitive, and far from being the whole content of the book. Much of Freud's writing, here, is deeply speculative, and he devotes a significant amount of time showing how one thing can look like what would seemingly be its opposite: such as a death instinct that fights against death by external causes, thus looking like a survival instinct, so that it can properly reach its natural end. Suffice to say, in any case, that a famous book, as it exists in Jung's collective unconscious (if it does), is always the sum of its text with the commentaries and adaptations that have followed it. Beyond the Pleasure Principle is "the death drive book," insofar as we have made it so, not so much because Freud wrote it that way.
As for the ideas themselves, I won't get into the gritty details. I didn't read the book in that mode, anyway. I'll simply say that Freud had a captivating mind, and as much in this text as in others. I particularly enjoyed his speculations on the isolated "vesicle," developing and adapting to a world of stimuli, both within and without. At points I felt almost queasy, and that is a good thing. This translation by James Strachey, also, one of the accepted standards, appears good, even if I'm sure there are newer and, perhaps, more accurate translations available today. Altogether, I'm pleased to have finally had a chance to acquaint myself with this particular volume from Doctor Freud.
Read information about the authorFreud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, who created an entirely new approach to the understanding of the human personality. He is regarded as one of the most influential - and controversial - minds of the 20th century.
Sigismund (later changed to Sigmund) Freud was born on 6 May 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia (now Pribor in the Czech Republic). His father was a merchant. The family moved to Leipzig and then settled in Vienna, where Freud was educated. Freud's family were Jewish but he was himself non-practising.
In 1873, Freud began to study medicine at the University of Vienna. After graduating, he worked at the Vienna General Hospital. He collaborated with Josef Breuer in treating hysteria by the recall of painful experiences under hypnosis. In 1885, Freud went to Paris as a student of the neurologist Jean Charcot. On his return to Vienna the following year, Freud set up in private practice, specialising in nervous and brain disorders. The same year he married Martha Bernays, with whom he had six children.
Freud developed the theory that humans have an unconscious in which sexual and aggressive impulses are in perpetual conflict for supremacy with the defences against them. In 1897, he began an intensive analysis of himself. In 1900, his major work 'The Interpretation of Dreams' was published in which Freud analysed dreams in terms of unconscious desires and experiences.
In 1902, Freud was appointed Professor of Neuropathology at the University of Vienna, a post he held until 1938. Although the medical establishment disagreed with many of his theories, a group of pupils and followers began to gather around Freud. In 1910, the International Psychoanalytic Association was founded with Carl Jung, a close associate of Freud's, as the president. Jung later broke with Freud and developed his own theories.
After World War One, Freud spent less time in clinical observation and concentrated on the application of his theories to history, art, literature and anthropology. In 1923, he published 'The Ego and the Id', which suggested a new structural model of the mind, divided into the 'id, the 'ego' and the 'superego'.
In 1933, the Nazis publicly burnt a number of Freud's books. In 1938, shortly after the Nazis annexed Austria, Freud left Vienna for London with his wife and daughter Anna.
Freud had been diagnosed with cancer of the jaw in 1923, and underwent more than 30 operations. He died of cancer on 23 September 1939.
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